Seminar by Steeven Janny

Seminar by Steeven Janny: "Identification and Simulation of Physical Systems with Structured Deep Learning and Inductive Knowledge"

at 11:15 am

Room F021a

Building F

Laboratoire Hubert Curien

18, rue du Professeur Benoît Lauras

42000 Saint-Etienne

"Identification and Simulation of Physical Systems with Structured Deep Learning and Inductive Knowledge"


Recent technological progress is supported by the generalization of numerical tools for simulating, controlling, and observing physical systems. Yet, by focusing on more and more complex phenomena, our conventional tools are falling short of meeting the growing expectations of engineers, whether in terms of accuracy or computation time. Data-driven approaches, in particular neural networks, offer promising alternatives to address these new challenges. These models can capture complex, nonlinear relationships in physical systems, and shift the burden from manual derivation of tedious mathematical formulas towards large-scale data collection. However, these methods often sacrifice stability, robustness, precision, and more generally guarantees classically offered by traditional approaches. In this thesis, we propose combining the fields of physics, deep learning, and control theory to propose new hybrid methods, taking advantage of the expressivity of neural networks, while relying on inductive biases from physics. We describe theoretical tools (discussed in Part 1) related to the simulation of dynamical systems and connect them to neural network design. In a second time (Part 2), we leverage these insights to design control algorithms and simulation techniques addressing the resolution of complex problems related to partial differential equations. Finally, in Part 3, we focus on larger-scale simulations such as fluid dynamics and counterfactual reasoning. Our work has been presented at scientific conferences in the field of artificial intelligence and control theory. By bridging the gap between physics and machine learning, we believe that this paves the way toward a new generation of methods for the simulation and control of physical systems.

This seminar will be held in English.